Craniofacial is a medical term that relates to the bones of the skull and face. Craniofacial abnormalities are birth defects of the face or head. Some, like cleft lip and palate , are among the most common of all birth defects. Others are very rare.
Birth Defects (for Parents) - KidsHealth
While still in the womb, some babies have problems with how their organs and body parts form, how they work, or how their bodies turn food into energy. These health problems are called birth defects. There are more than 4, different kinds of birth defects, ranging from minor ones that need no treatment to serious ones that cause disabilities or require medical or surgical treatment. If a baby is born with a part of the body that is missing or malformed, it is called a structural birth defect. Heart defects are the most common type of structural defect. Others include spina bifida , cleft palate , clubfoot , and congenital dislocated hip.
They may have seizures and often have inappropriate outbursts of laughter. An inherited disorder characterized by a deficiency of the biotinidase enzyme needed to metabolize a B vitamin. A "birth defect" is a health problem or physical change, which is present in a baby at the time he or she is born.
Here's a primer on nine of the most common birth defects: their prevalence, causes, symptoms, and treatment. The vast majority of babies born in this country are healthy. But if your child is one of the 3 in infants born with a congenital acquired after conception or hereditary birth defect, how can you ensure her long-term health? While some defects are treatable with drugs or surgery, it's usually your family's efforts to create a positive environment for your child that help minimize the disability. The first thing you should do if your child is diagnosed with a birth defect is get a second or more opinion.