Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD is a common, often chronic, behavioral health disorder. OCD symptoms include obsessions repeated thoughts or compulsions repeated behaviors. A person can have one or both. An example of OCD could be someone who has anxiety about germs. They might think their hands are never clean.
Is OCD a Mental Illness?
Types of OCD - BrightQuest Treatment Centers
Sexual obsessions are obsessions with sexual activity. In the context of obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD , these are extremely common,  and can become extremely debilitating, making the person ashamed of the symptoms and reluctant to seek help. As preoccupation with sexual matters, however, does not only occur as a symptom of OCD, they may be enjoyable in other contexts i. Obsessive-compulsive disorder involves unwanted thoughts or images that are unsettling or interfere with an individual's life, followed by actions that temporarily relieve the anxiety caused by the obsessions APA Obsessions are involuntary, repetitive, and unwelcome. Attempts to suppress or neutralize obsessions do not work and in fact make the obsessions more severe, as trying to make sense of obsessions only gives them more attention and "fuel". OCD is sometimes considered an anxiety disorder.
Six Key Facts About Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
These minor disturbances in brain functioning have been shown to be present in people with OCD more often than in people without OCD. Some studies have isolated NSS and discovered that individuals with OCD and NSS have impaired reflexes and motor coordination, as well as more severe symptoms of the disorder. Other risk factors that have been suggested are decreased intelligence, temperament, childhood trauma, and emotional functioning. In order to identify how each of these specific domains influences the vulnerability for OCD , J. Grisham of the School of Psychology at the University of New South Wales in Australia led a study examining data collected over 30 years.
Childhood trauma is known to predispose to a variety of psychiatric disorders, including mood, anxiety, eating, and personality disorders. However, the relationship between childhood trauma and obsessive-compulsive symptoms has not been well studied. This study examines the relationship between childhood trauma, personality facets, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in college students using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Leyton Obsessional Inventory, and the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised. There was a small but significant association between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and childhood trauma, specifically emotional abuse and physical neglect, all of which was accounted for by co-occurring anxiety symptoms.