In areas with large Asian-American communities, the criminalization of immigrant-heavy populations was particularly evident, with Laotians and Vietnamese, for example, among the four most arrested groups in in the San Francisco Bay Area. So the course gives Asian inmates a rare forum to delve into their backgrounds and reclaim their heritage along the way. About 40 inmates take part in each nine-month ROOTS program, with a significant chunk of the class consisting of Southeast Asian refugees who were juveniles tried as adults and given life sentences. The students look at factors that contributed to their incarceration, including the migration to school to prison to deportation pipeline. They also discuss a range of topics, from the history of the Vietnam War and forced migration to the perpetual foreigner stereotype to the roots of violence and trauma that people in refugee communities often face. Sometimes classes go beyond the AAPI experience and touch on other issues like gender and sexuality.
Ireland’s prison gangs: ‘You hear a scream and suddenly a fella’s pumping blood’
Asian-American Prison Program Teaches About, Honors Inmates’ Cultural Struggles | HuffPost
A prison gang is an inmate organization that operates within a prison system, that has a corporate entity, exists into perpetuity, and whose membership is restrictive, mutually exclusive, and often requires a lifetime commitment. Skarbek observes that in a small, homogeneous environment, people can use social norms to interrupt what behavior is acceptable, but a large, heterogeneous setting undermines social norms and acceptable behavior is more difficult to determine. Interactions between strangers are facilitated because you do not have to know an individual's reputation, only a gang's reputation. Some prison gangs are transplanted from the street. In some circumstances, prison gangs "outgrow" the internal world of life inside the penitentiary, and go on to engage in criminal activities on the outside. Christian Parenti argues in his book Lockdown America that prison gangs serve a convenient function for the prison establishment and officers. They help regulate rogue and rebellious elements within the prison population without intervention from prison authorities.
Prison gangs in the United States
Despite widely reported fears of violence, there has been no upsurge in attacks against Asian inmates in the Los Angeles County Jail system since they were returned to the general population in late January after a decade of protective separation. But Leyva said last week that only one assault against an Asian inmate had been reported since the integration was ordered Jan. Some Asian inmates agree that their worst fears have not been realized -- yet.
Irish prisons: warring gangs use threats and acts of violence against other inmates, their family members and staff. Illustration: Dearbhla Kelly. It was a sound he was used to. Whenever there is a major fight in Mountjoy, prisoners are locked back in their cells while a siren rings to get all available officers to the scene and alert medics to standby. Gangs from Ballyfermot and Coolock had been feuding and brawls had become a regular occurrence.